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罗伯特•罗森塔尔，Robert Rosenthal is Distinguished Professor at the University of California at Riverside and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, Harvard University. His research has centered for some 50 years on the role of the self-fulfi lling prophecy in everyday life and in laboratory situations. Special interests include the effects of teachers' expectations on students'performance, the effects of experimenters'expectations on the results of their research, and the effects of clinicians'expectations on their patients'mental and physical health. He also has strong interests in sources of artifact in behavioral research and in various quantitative procedures. In the realm of data analysis, his special interests are in experimental design and analysis, contrast analysis, and meta-analysis. His most recent books and articles are about these areas of data analysis and about the nature of nonverbal communication in teacher-student, doctorpatient, manager-employee, judge-jury, and psychotherapist-client interaction. He has been Co-Chair of the Task Force on Statistical Inference of the American Psychological Association and has served as Chair of the Research Committee of the Bayer Institute for Health Care Communication. He was a co-recipient of two behavioral science awards of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1960,1993) and recipient of the James McKeen Cattell Award of the American Psychological Society, the Distinguished Scientist Award of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, the Samuel J. Messick Distinguished Scientifi c Contributions Award of the APA's Division 5-Evaluation, Measurement, and Statistics, and the APA's Distinguished Scientifi c Award for Applications of Psychology.
拉尔夫•罗斯诺，Ralph L. Rosnow is Thaddeus Bolton Professor Emeritus at Temple University, wherehe taught for 34 years and directed the graduate program in social and organizationalpsychology. He has also taught research methods at Boston University and HarvardUniversity and does consulting on research and data analysis. The overarching themeof his scholarly work concerns how people make sense of, and impose meaning on,their experiential world, called the "will to meaning" by Viktor Frankl. Rosnow hasexplored aspects of this construct in research and theory within the framework ofcontextualism, the psychology of rumor and gossip, attitude and social cognition, thestructure of interpersonal acumen, artifacts and ethical dilemmas in human research,and the statistical justifi cation of scientifi c conclusions. He has authored and coauthoredmany articles and books on these topics and, with Mimi Rosnow, coauthored WritingPapers in Psychology, a popular writing manual now in its seventh edition (publishedby Thomson Wadsworth, 2006). He has served on the editorial boards of journals andencyclopedias, was coeditor (with R. E. Lana) of the Reconstruction of Society Seriespublished by Oxford University Press, and chaired the APA's Committee on Standardsin Research. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement ofScience, the APA, and the Association for Psychological Science, received the Societyof General Psychology's George A. Miller Award, and was recently honored with aFestschrift book edited by D. A. Hantula, Advances in Social and Organizational Psychology.
Rosenthal and Rosnow have also collaborated on other books on research methodsand data analysis, including Artifact in Behavioral Research (Academic Press, 1969);The Volunteer Subject (Wiley, 1975); Primer of Methods for the Behavioral Sciences(Wiley, 1975); Understanding Behavioral Science: Research Methods for ResearchConsumers (McGraw-Hill, 1984); Contrast Analysis: Focused Comparisons in theAnalysis of Variance (Cambridge University Press, 1985); People Studying People:Artifacts and Ethics in Behavioral Research (W. H. Freeman, 1997); (with D. B. Rubin)Contrasts and Effect Sizes in Behavioral Research: A Correlational Approach(Cambridge University Press, 2000); and Beginning Behavioral Research: A ConceptualPrimer (6 th ed., Pearson/PrenticeHall, 2008).